Windows server 2012 essentials dns setup free download

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How to Setup and Configure DNS in Windows Server | Tom\’s Hardware – Your Answer


In the next screen, choose the Select a server from this server pool option and select the server for which the DNS server role is intended.

Once selected, click the Next button as shown in figure 3 :. Figure 3. Selecting the Server that will host the DNS server role. The next screen allows us to choose the role s that will be installed. Select the DNS server role from the list and click Next to continue:. Figure 4. The next screen is the Features page , where you can safely click Next without selecting any feature from the list. The next screen provides information on the DNS Server role that\’s about to be installed.

Figure 5. DNS Information. The final screen is a confirmation of roles and services to be installed. When ready, click on the Install button to for the installation to begin:.

Figure 6. Confirm Installation Selections. The Wizard will provide an update on the installation progress as shown below. Once the installation has completed, click the Close button:. Figure 7. Installation Progress. Figure 8. Next, select the Forwarders tab. There is another feature called root hints which also does similar job queries the Root DNS servers of the Internet but we prefer using forwarders alongside with public DNS servers:. Figure 9. Next, click on the Advanced tab.

Here you can configure advanced features such as round robin in case of multiple DNS servers , scavenging period and so on. Scavenging is a feature often used as it deletes the stale or inactive DNS records after the configured period, set to 7 days in our example:.

Figure Advanced Options – Scavenging. Next up is the Root Hints tab. Here, you will see list of 13 Root Servers. As we can see, DNS forwarding is pretty much an optional but recommended configuration. It is highly unlikely administrators will ever need to change the Root Hints servers :.

Root Hints. Our next tab, Monitoring is also worth exploring. You can also configure automated test that will run at a configured time interval to ensure the DNS server is operating correctly:. Next, click on the Event Logging tab. Here you can configure options to log DNS events. By default, all events are logged. Event Logging. When Event Logging is enabled , you can view any type of logged events in the Event Viewer Administrative Tools console.

You can check the box to Restart the destination server automatically , if you like. Installing the DNS Server does not require a restart, but unless you\’ve planned for the downtime, keep that box unchecked, just in case. The DNS Server role should now be installed on your server.

If you are an old pro with DNS server files, Windows Server does let you edit the files directly. However, Microsoft recommends that you use the interface tools to avoid errors, especially if you are integrating DNS with Active Directory.

If you want to use the command line to configure your DNS, use the dnscmd command. For those of us who don\’t memorize TechNet for fun, a few clicks is all it takes. This brings up the DNS Manager window. We need to configure how the DNS server will work before adding any actual records.

There are three options here. You can either: configure a forward lookup zone only, create forward and reverse lookup zone, or configure root hints only. A forward lookup zone allows you to do the standard DNS function of taking a name and resolving it into an IP address. A reverse lookup zone allows you to do the opposite, taking an IP address and finding its name. For example, if a user is set up to print to a printer with an IP address of Why you give me so much trouble?

Root hints only will not create a database of name records for lookups, but rather will just have the IP addresses of other DNS servers where records can be found. If you already have DNS setup on your network, you\’ll probably want to continue using the same configuration you already have.

If not, use forward and backward for most situations. Backup zones typically don\’t hurt anything, and they are nice to have when the need arises. Now, you choose whether this server will maintain the zone, or if this server will have a read-only copy of the DNS records from another server. Next enter your zone name.

If this is your first DNS server, then this needs to be the root zone name for your entire organization. For example, my zone name might be arcticllama. If however, this server will be authoritative only for a subset, and other DNS servers will be responsible for other zones, then the name will need to reflect that. For example, us. Now, you need to choose the file name where the DNS records will be stored.

The default filename is to add a. Unless you have a corporate policy stating otherwise, stick with the convention to make things easier on yourself down the line. Next you select how this server will respond to Dynamic Updates. Although there are three choices here, only two should actually be used in production.

Select the first option to allow only secure dynamic updates if you are integrating your DNS with Active Directory. Select do not allow dynamic updates if your DNS is not integrated with Active Directory and you don\’t want to allow dynamic updates.